The information vacuum in the broad masses was replaced by information transmitted through interpersonal channels, mostly fragmentary and distorted. As a result, the vast majority of the population there was no clear idea of the purpose of the war, its necessity, the nature of the difficulties experienced by the country. This seriously weakened the unity. population and state authorities opened up the possibility for different from the official approaches to the relationship of the people and government in military conditions.
Almost the only source to evaluate anti-autocratic sentiments in the province serve as court cases against persons who have offended sovereign or members of the imperial family. In the funds of the regional archive there are several dozen such cases relating to the period of the world wars1 The paradox is that most of them were discontinued at unproven crime. Often cases were brought up by false the prosecution (resulting from the applicant’s personal dislike of the accused). However, as a significant side of these cases, it can be noted that in as a pretext to hold your opponent accountable a doubt attributed to him in Russia’s military superiority over opponents, the possibility of her victory.
This circumstance again indicates a prominent place in the public consciousness of victory like value. Indirectly this confirms the underdevelopment of anti-war sentiment in the mass consciousness. The unrepresented view of war prevailed among the people as spontaneous phenomenon, the closest analogue of which is an epidemic. Everything, that went beyond the boundaries of the community and the parish, in the eyes of the peasants had its independent origin did not depend on their will. Superior quality the common man in crisis conditions became patience. Similar
the installation allowed to abstract from the essence of the events around. This is probably why for most of the world war the authorities did not expect from below the demands of its termination. Giving up War of the masses occurred only after the revolution. He became the main content of the development of the revolutionary process. The level of confrontation between the masses and the authorities can be important criterion for the folding of a revolutionary situation. Cumulative analysis sources of different origin show that the mass of the people is still habitually passively perceived power. Revolutionary and labor movement in the province could not play the role of force opposing the massive moods. Liberal party periphery was absent, social the base of all political movements remained very narrow. With the outbreak of World War II, local governments quickly became to lose the accumulated prestige of the population dissatisfied self-government activities to address pressing issues. In the same time in the center, there was talk about the growing popularity of self-governing bodies and their associations. In this context, the idea of the Zemsky way of development Russia as a real alternative to the events of October 1917 can be called “Liberal myth”.